When Dhritarashtra turned to Bhima, Lord Krishna sensed the danger and asked Bhima to move Duryodhana's iron statue of Bhima (used by the prince for training) in his place. However, Duryodhana conspired to arrest him that resulted in failure of the mission. Finally, when Draupadi was about to curse the Kuru line, Gandhari stepped in and implored her husband to pacify Draupadi. He is famed for being one of the pivotal negative characters of the Hindu epic, the Mahabharata – a villain, who is believed to have veritably changed the landscape of the epic. Calumny and evil report shall ever dog her.” Hearing these words of her husband Pradweshi became very angry, and commanded her sons, saying, ... Vidura was the first; that among cities Hastinapura was the first. He and his brother Pandu (the son of Vichitravirya's second wife Ambalika), along with their half-brother Vidura, learned and studied under Bhishma and various gurus. N.p. Suri, Chander Kanta. So, Pandu assumed the throne, and undertook a military campaign where he subjugated large parts of India. Sanatsujata has been invoked through meditation by Vidura, Dhṛtarāṣṭra's half-brother and counselor. Thus Dhritarashtra essentially presided over the fall of … Dhritarashtra was one of the many men present when Yudhisthira lost the dice game against Shakuni, Duryodhana, Dushasana and Karna. Famously, Gandhari bound her own eyes with a cloth, determined to see the world as her husband saw it, with darkness. Even though Yudhishthira tried to stop him, he would say – “We fought the battle, and still Dhritarashtra tried to crush me. Name: Dhritarashtra Pronunciation: Coming soon Alternative names: Gender: Male Type: legendary mortal Celebration or Feast Day: Unknown at present. At last, the blind monarch's conscience was stirred, in part fearing the wrath of the Pandavas, Panchal, and Draupadi against his sons. When the Pandavas are revealed to have survived, Duryodhana refuses to cede his title as heir when the obviously sour relations between the Kauravas and the Pandavas come to focus. But Dhritarashtra refused to change himself. Dhritarashtra then became the king of Hastinapur. Dhritarashtra was a very evil king in my previous birth. After many years as the ruler of Hastinapura, Dhristarashtra along with Gandhari, Kunti and Vidura left for their final journey into the forest. Kalyāṇakara, Bā Ha. It is believed that all of them (except Vidura who predeceased him) perished in a forest fire and attained Moksha. The poem is made up of almost 100,000 couplets—about seven times the length of the Iliad and the Odyssey combined—divided into 18 parvans, or sections, plus a supplement titled Harivamsha (“Genealogy of the God… Broken and defeated, Dhritarashtra apologized for his folly and wholeheartedly embraced Bhima and the other Pandavas. Sanjaya then recounted the mistakes of Dhritarashtra and advised him to keep on a tight leash the evil Duryodhana and his accomplices. It was Vidura, in training to become the next prime minister, who brought up this issue to the relief of Hastinapur's council of Brahmins. It's not that he always drove Duryodhana to wrong direction. He also had a son named Yuyutsu with a concubine. Yudhisthira once again showed his kindness when he decided that the king of the city of Hastinapura should be Dhristarashtra. Dhritarashtra (Sanskrit: धृतराष्ट्र) was a Kuru king who featured heavily in the Hindu epic Mahabharata as the King of the Kuru Kingdom with its capital at Hastinapur.He was born to Vichitravirya's first wife Ambika.Dhritarashtra was born blind. On Bheeshma's advise, Dhritarashtra splits the country in two, giving Hastinapur to Duryodhana and Khandavprastha to Yudhishthira.[10][11]. No! Dhritarashtra was an epitome of secularism, blind by birth to all the groups and especially towards the evil acts his non-minority beneficiaries do. "As for poor Dhritarashtra, … During Gandhari's pregnancy complications, Dhritarashtra, fearing that he will never have an heir, had a son Yuyutsu, born to Sughada; Gandhari's lady-in-waiting. The Pandavas eventually lost their kingdom, wealth, and prestige and were exiled for thirteen years. Dhritarashtra (Sanskrit: धृतराष्ट्र, Dhṛtarāṣṭra) or Dhatarattha (Pali: धतरट्ठ Dhataraṭṭha) is one of the Four Heavenly Kings and an important person in Buddhism. He was born to Vichitravirya's first wife Ambika. Given that Pandu was the king and that Yudhishthira is born of the god Dharma, he has a strong claim to the throne. Dhritarashtra appears in Mahābhārata sections that have been circulated as separate scriptures, most notably the Bhagavad Gita, whose dialogue was narrated to him. The name Dhṛtarāṣṭra comes from two Sanskrit words: "dhṛta" (possessing; bearing) and "rāṣṭra" (kingdom; territory). The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa Translated into English Prose by Kisari Mohan Ganguli. Dhritarashtra's sorrow increased with every passing day as an ever increasing number of his sons were slain by Bhima. Shakuni, Gandhari's brother, was a master of dice as he could control them. Against his will, he named Yudhisthira as his heir which left Duryodhana frustrated. He granted Drauapdi boons through which they regained all that they had lost in the dice game. Thus Dhritarashtra essentially presided over the fall of Hastinapur's kingdom. But that was not to be and the rest as they say is history or rather Mahabharata. Sanjaya dutifully narrates the war to his liege, reporting how Bhima killed all his children. Though individuals like Vikarna and Vidura objected to the wrongdoing of Duryodhana, most of the spectators were helpless due to their obligations to Hastinapur; Dhritarashtra could have spoken out but did not. Yudhisthira was crowned king of both Indraprastha and Hastinapura. Yudhishthira, Pandu's eldest son, is older than Duryodhana. However, when Pandu dies, Kunti and her sons come to Hastinapur, living alongside Dhritarashtra's children. Attempting to defuse the tension, which Dhritarashtra and the others could no longer minimize, Bhishma suggested the partition of Hastinapur. He rejoiced whenever the tide of war turned against the Pandavas. Since Pandu had been cursed with celibacy-or-death, no one thought he would have any children. Along with some other incidents, Duryodhana's jealousy and anger were stirred, and he conspired with his uncle Shakuni to destroy the five Pandava brothers. She said, “What is this? In some versions, Yuyutsu was older than Duryodhana, in others, they were the exact age, and in even others, Yuyutsu was unspecifically younger than Duryodhana. But with the help of Krishna and their respective "Pitru Devas", the Pandavas remade the land, topping the reconstruction with a beautiful city, renaming the city Indraprastha. Vidura, an adviser to Dhritarashtra, said it was an evil omen and asked Gandhari and Dhritarashtra to abandon it. [9], After the lakshagraha incident, in which the Pandavas are apparently killed, Dhritarashtra mourns but is able to finally name Duryodhana as his heir. Dhritarashtra's only daughter Duhsala was widowed. Sri Krishna asked him to meditate and after meditating he realized that it was the law of Karma that was in action. Dhṛtarāṣṭra is also a central figure in the Sanatsujatiya, in which he asks many questions to Sanatsujata, a divine sage. The king himself wanted his son to be his heir but he was also forced to consider the eldest Pandava, Yudhisthira, who was older than Duryodhana. Akrura returned to Krishna and Balarama in Gokul. Versions of the story generally portray Dhritarashtra across a spectrum. At the birth of his first son Duryodhana, Dhritarashtra was advised by Vidura, Bhishma, and the city elders to abandon the child due to bad omens during the birth. : n.p., n.d. But that was not to be and the rest as they say is history or rather Mahabharata. Pandu was put forward as the obvious choice as king. He appears in the opening chapter of the Bhagavad Gītā, which takes place immediately before the start of the Kurukshetra War. However, he recognized Dhritarashtra pedigree, and Gandhar's status as Hastinapur's vassal, and consented to the match. Vidura, an adviser to Dhritarashtra, said it was an evil omen and asked Gandhari and Dhritarashtra to abandon it. Hindered by his handicap, Dhritarashtra is unable to wield weapons, but has the strength of one hundred thousand elephants due to boon given by Vyasa, and is said to be so strong that he can crush iron with his bare hands.[6]. Dhritarashtra. So, when the Pandavas returned Hastinapur, there was the real crisis of succession. As far as I can tell, stories of Shakuni being motivated by revenge are just folklore with no basis in Hindu scripture. Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites, This article is about the figure in the Hindu epic Mahābhārata. Her father, King Subala of Ghandar, was reluctant to pair his daughter to a blind man. He ordered that the eye of the swan be damaged and his children are killed. Pandu became king, for Dhritarashtra, owing to the blindness, and Vidura, for his birth by a Sudra woman, did not obtain the kingdom. The first stanza of the Bhagavad Gita is a question from Dhritarashtra to Sanjaya asking him to recount the Kurukshetra war. Since Yudhishthira was born first, naturally, he would become the king. When Dhritarashtra composed himself he gave the Pandavas his blessing. For this reason, the next birth I was born blind and his son received death in the same way as if that swan. This blind king of Hastinapura was father to a hundred children by his … Consequently, Yudhishthira did the Rajasuya Yagna, claiming emperorship of India. Dhritarashtra was half-brother of Pandu and Vidura, and was uncle to the five Pandavas, with whom his sons fought the Kurukshetra War. His brother Pandu, ruled the kingdom for him due to his blindness. Agreeing with the proposal, Dhritarashtra gave Yudhisthira half the Kuru Kingdom, albeit the lands which were arid, untilled and scantily populated, known as Khandavaprastha. They died in a forest fire in the Himalayas. [3][4], With Vichitravirya having died of sickness, Bhishma unable to take the throne because of his vow, and Bahlika's line unwilling to leave Bahlika Kingdom, there was a succession crisis in Hastinapur. Sanjaya would console the blind king while challenging the king with his own viewpoints and morals. After Pandu's death, he became king of Hastinapura. Vidura advised against the plan, but as usual, Dhritarashtra couldn’t say no to his son. They ran the plan past Dhritarashtra, who was reluctant. While there was a handful of Kauravas who were aware of the evil brewing on their side; in the name of dharma, friendships, and favours, they didn’t act on their inner calling. A smile of relief spreads on his face and they see that, now, this smile springs from his heart. What has happened so far: After the war, the Pandavas returned to Hastinapur, where they met Dhritarashtra and Gandhari, who made last attempts to kill Yudhishthira and Bhima, but they failed.The Pandavas take them into custody at the palace. Yuyutsu had defected to Pandava side at the onset of war and was the only son of Dhritrashtra who had managed to survive Kurukshetra War. Dhritarashtra is the king of the Kurus. He was blind from birth,[2] and became father to a hundred and one sons (and one daughter) by his wife Gandhari (Gāndhārī). Satyavati invites her son Vyasa to impregnate the queens Ambika and Ambalika under the Niyoga practice. Nāgapūra: Ākāṅkshā Prakāśana, 2007. [14], Throughout his reign as King of Hastinapur, Dhritarashtra was torn between the principles of dharma and his love for his son Duryodhana, and often ended up endorsing his son's actions merely out of fatherly love.[15]. All of his sons perished in the war, with the exception of Yuyutsu, his son with Gandhari's lady-in-waiting Sughada, who fought on the Pandava side. Still, the old woman tried to burn you. When Vyasa went to impregnate Ambika, his scary appearance frightened her, so she closed her eyes during their union; hence, her son was born blind. While there was a handful of Kauravas who were aware of the evil brewing on their side; in the name of dharma, friendships, and favours, they didn’t act on their inner calling. He instructed Bhima in sign language to move aside and push an iron figure of Bhima into Dhritarashtra's embrace. For the figure in Buddhist mythology, see, The blind king Dhritarashtra listens as the visionary narrator Sanjay relates the events of the battle between the Kaurav and the Pandav clans, "Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide", by Roshen Dalal, p. 230, publisher = Penguin Books India. At the time of the foundation of the war, the king of Hastinapur was Dhritarashtra. Mahabharat All Episodes. Gandhari, his wife, sacrificed her eyesight, as he was blind, by blindfolding herself; hence, she could not see. Therefore, in this birth he was born blind and all his sons were killed in the war. Then, Duryodhana planned to burn Pandavas and Kunti alive while they were on a Festival at "Varnavathi". Although Dhritarashtra’s message is cloaked in the veil of righteousness, it actually amounts to handing the world to oppressors on a platter, giving them a free reign to do what they like. But all that is past. Dhritarashtra crushed the statue into pieces, and then broke down crying, his anger leaving him. He received acknowledgements from Panchal, Dwarka and Madra by marriage and diplomacy, and from kingdoms like Magadha & Chedi through military force. After the incident with Rishi Kindama Pandu retired to the forest. The helpless blind king only intervened after counseling with Gandhari when Draupadi was going to curse the Kuru dynasty. Duryodhana was focused on making sure that he would be the next heir for the kingdom. Draupadi, the wife of the Pandavas, was humiliated in court after Dushasana tried to disrobe her. - When Vyasa visited Ambika, she closed her eyes because of his dreadful appearance, and as a result, her son Dhritarashtra … My overweening love for Duryodhana turned my mind to evil. All of his sons and grandsons were killed in the carnage. Hence her son, Dhritarashtra was born blind. An Ominous Birth. Web. The Gita begins with Dritarashtra aiming to keep the kingdom in the hands of his family, and willing to battle against Arjuna, the rightful heir, in order to keep it. He also realised that Dhritarashtra always supported his sons in their attempts to kill the Pandavas.Akrura indirectly advised Dhritarashtra to keep away from his evil plans and to give the Pandavas the throne, as it was rightfully theirs. However Dhritarashtra's filial love stopped him. This time, he, his brothers and his wife were forced to spend thirteen years in exile in the forest before they could reclaim their kingdom. Dhritarashtra, the blind king Dhritarashtra, the blind king of Hastinapur was also blind in for the love of his son Duryodhana. After Arjuna won Draupadi and the Pandavas' marriage to her, the Pandavas came back to Hastinapur. Dhritarashtra (धृतराष्ट्र) is name of two characters mentioned in Mahabharata. When Dhritarashtra heard of Pandu's death, he was sad, yet happy, as it meant that his crown was secure. When it came time to nominate an heir, Vidura suggested that Pandu would be a better fit because he was not blind. Dhritarashtra was a rightful heir to throne and he was denied the opportunity because of his blindness.This also means that Gandhari was denied the opportunity to be the queen.It was natural for them to expect an able,strong son who also has the right to throne through some interpretations of Dharma to fight and claim the throne. Sanjaya, Dhritarashtra's charioteer, who was blessed by Sage Vyasa with the ability to see the past, narrated important events of the Kurukshetra war, a war fought between the Kauravas (the sons of Dhritarashtra) and the Pandavas, to the blind king. In this episode of Mahabharata.. Bhima kept insluting Dhritrashtra. Dhritarashtra was half-brother of Pandu and Vidura, and was uncle to the five Pandavas, with whom his sons fought the Kurukshetra War. Hence, Dhritarashtra became the de facto king. He offered the blind king complete respect and deference as an elder, despite his misdeeds and the evil of his dead sons. His cattle was reportedly destroyed as a result of the conflict with the vratya ascetics; however, this Vedic mention does not provide corroboration for the accuracy of the Mahabharata's account of his reign. When time came for a crown prince to be chosen, no one wanted to address the elephant in the room of a blind person leading the military. 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