Having convinced grocers to change their traditional method of selling sugar, Domino reaped the success of having greater brand name recognition and the demand that the nameless bulk sugar lacked. His brother, Frederick Havemeyer, joined him in 1802. In 1916, Domino introduced individually wrapped sugar tablets. Finally, we can read about how these great companies came about with Company Histories.. Domino Sugar Corporation is the leading sugar refining firm in the United States, and produces one of the world's most popular and well-known brands of sugar, namely, Domino sugar. His brother, Frederick Havemeyer, joined him in 1802. Some believe the name "Domino" was given since the sugar cubes resembled game tiles. Brooklyn's Domino Sugar Refinery, once the largest in the world, shut down in 2004 after a long struggle. Horrific History Lesson: Working Conditions at The Domino Sugar Refinery by Geoff Cobb November 6, 2017 Although the former Domino Sugar refinery on Kent Avenue does not lie in Greenpoint, the building and the firm that ran it, Havemeyer and Elder, cast a long shadow over local history. Cafe Latte Cheesecake view. At the forefront of modernization within the industry, the two men installed the most sophisticated technologies of the time to help expand their business. Havemeyer Company continued to expand its operations throughout the mid- and latter half of the 19th century. During his second voyage, Christopher Columbus brought sugarcane from the Canary Islands to the Caribbean, most probably the present nation of the Dominican Republic. Allen, and the American Sugar Refining Company, set the template for all of them. St. James Press, 1999. However, as refined sugar became more popular, especially as a food staple, the process of sugar refining developed into a major business activity. Domino Sugar, a renowned brand and household name across the East Coast of the United States, has been in operation for more than a century. [5] In 1975, Amstar sued pizza chain Domino's Pizza for trademark infringement; Amstar won at trial but lost on appeal. More than 40 ships a year deliver 885,000 tons of raw sugar to the refinery, which refines more than 6 million pounds of sugar a day and produces 40 products on 23 packaging lines. None of these activities was more important that the firm's entry into the nutritive sweetener market. Sugar refineries dotted the Delaware River hungry for cane molasses shipped up from the cane fields of the Caribbean. Privacy Policy. In addition, some of the firm's cargo ships were conscripted by the U.S. Navy for use as war material and troop transports, thus reducing the amount of sugar cane the company was able to bring to its plants. To read the full cover story, click here, and for a Q&A with the refinery's general manager, click here. Since the dawn of recorded history, all foods had been traditionally sweetened with the addition of either honey or molasses. It's here because of all this history." burlap sacks, began to be delivered in bulk. 31 talking about this. As an operating subsidiary of Tate & Lyle, the firm renamed itself Domino Sugar Corporation in 1991, and began to reap the rewards of its rich parent company. Now Walker is about to unveil her first public artwork, commissioned for the former Domino Sugar Factory in Williamsburg, Brooklyn. Finally, the Havemeyer brothers thought it most important to provide their customers with the highest quality product possible, so they tested the end product for its purity. Domino Sugar has been a renowned brand in the United States' East Coast markets for more than 100 years. We see them around but we don't know what goes on behind the scenes. Domino® Sugar has been a renowned brand in the United States' East Coast markets for more than 100 years. Realizing the need for quick and efficient transportation of the firm's product, the managing members of the family decided to relocate to a new site and build a state-of-the-art sugar refinery on the waterfront in Williamsburg, Brooklyn. One of the oldest companies started in the United States, with a rich historical background of continuous expansion and increasing sales, Domino Sugar Corporation has faced intense competition in the recent past. Since sugar is an essential ingredient to the American food processing industry, and since the company has finally jumped into the artificial sweetener market with a splash, Domino Sugar Corporation will remain one of the most visible and enduring companies in American business. The newly chosen name was simple--the American Sugar Refining Company. Today the American Sugar Refining Company is known as Domino Sugar. By the 1890s, the company was producing 1,200 tons of sugar each day, and was widely regarded within the industry as operating the largest sugar refinery in the world. Used in presweetened food and drink products such as cereals, candies, cakes, and soft drinks, the increased capacity for producing high-fructose corn syrup enabled the company to increase its sales to over $1 billion for the first time in its history. As consumers, we often take for granted all the hard work that goes into building a great company. Help For The Holidays. In October 2014, several of the buildings at the site were demolished, including the Syrup Shed, the Wash House, the Turbine Room, the Power House, and the Pump House. Today, Domino Foods, Inc. is … In 1970, the American Sugar Company was renamed "The Amstar Corporation". Royal Icing view. Yet by 1816, the Havemeyer Company had expanded its operations to such an extent that it was able to produce nearly nine million pounds of sugar annually. Proof of the brand name visibility and popularity of Domino sugar was evident when, in spite of being sued by the U.S. government for monopolistic practices within the sugar industry in 1907, the company's sugar products continued to sell best with American consumers. Domino Sugar’s Chalmette Refinery in Arabi, La., sits on the edge of the mighty Mississippi River, about five miles east by way of the river’s bend from the French Quarter, and less than a … Raw sugar, which had previously been delivered to the refinery in 200-lb. Of course, the mass production of soda in bottles and candy for the grocery and drugstore shelf required huge amounts of refined sugar. Named W. & F.C. When his brother Frederick, a former sugar boiler, joined him three years later, the two young men saved their money from a baking business they operated together, and then established a sugar refinery on Vandam Street in 1807. To understand the history of Greenpoint and Williamsburg you have to grasp the massive role that refining played in this heavily industrial corner of North Brooklyn. The Domino sugar refinery, with its iconic red neon sign, is still open, but the confusion is understandable. After a fire destroyed the refinery in 1882, the current plant was rebuilt and was the largest sugar refinery in the United States. Although the company's market share is not threatened by competitors who produce refined sugar, such as C&H and Dixie Chrystals, the trend toward non-caloric artificial sweeteners has started to cut into the firm's profits. Some believe the name "Domino" was given since the sugar cubes resembled game tiles. Cranes were constructed to unload it, and a new raw sugar shed was built to store the bulk sugar. The growing sugar trade in the Americas had a significant impact on the development of the colonies established by the British along the Atlantic coast, and one of the earliest sugar refineries was built in New York in 1689. When the facility burned to the ground in 1882, a new expanded factory was built on the same site. As the company continued to lose its market share, and suffered a continuing decline in revenue, Tate & Lyle plc purchased Amstar Sugar Corporation at a bargain price. Single Layer … In recent years, the brand has expanded its portfolio of all-natural sweeteners to include agave nectar. DFI distributes sugar to retailers under four brand names across the U.S: Domino, C&H, Florida Crystals, and Redpath. Refined cane or beet sugar was considered a luxury, too difficult and time-consuming to produce and, consequently, much too expensive for the average American to purchase on a regular basis. Florida Crystals, a privately held company, is part of FLO-SUN, a sugar empire of the Fanjul Brothers whose origins trace to Spanish-Cuban sugar plantations of the early 19th century. All rights reserved. Long gone are Domino contemporaries and former Inner Harbor icons like Western Electric, Allied Chemical, and Procter & Gamble. Always at the forefront of technological developments in sugar refining, the company grew larger and larger, forcing many smaller competitors out of business. Then in 1906, the American Sugar Refinery was built which is still operational as Domino Sugar Refinery today. Domino Foods is the largest sugar company in the United States. When it was refined, the method involved boiling raw sugar in an open vessel, and then straining the product through blankets or cleansing it with bull's blood. The company processed slave-grown sugar cane… Under the direction of management at Tate & Lyle, the Domino Sugar Corporation has benefited from increased funding for research and development into artificial sweeteners, and has also modernized its attitude concerning the use of such ingredients in food production. At the height of the Depression in 1932 and 1933, the company reported profits of over $5 million for both years. Havemeyer Company on Vandam Street. In 1859 the business moved to the waterfront in Williamsburg, and changed its name to the Havemeyer, Townsend & Co. Refinery. Copyright (c) 2019 Company-Histories.com. As the first civilian governor of Puerto Rico, Allen used his governorship to acquire an international sugar empire, and a controlling interest over the entire Puerto Rican economy. Domino is the last major manufacturer still operating in Baltimore’s Inner Harbor. 1969-1972 Upgrades were made to improve capacity and energy efficiency. learn how over 7,000 companies got started! [7][8] Domino Sugar was acquired by British company Tate & Lyle in 1988.[9]. [2] In 1807, the brothers opened their own sugar refining business called W. & F.C. For years the average citizen that lived through the war in the United States had gone without any luxuries and endured the time with the basic necessities of life. These groups argued that refined sugar was not as healthy as sugar substitutes and artificial sweeteners and, as a result of the negative publicity and increased competition from firms that produced non-caloric, artificial sweeteners, Amstar Sugar Corporation began to lose its market share and experience a loss of revenue. The rebuilt refinery stood 10 stories high, while its adjacent filter house was a huge building of 13 stories. Domino Sugar Refinery A remnant of Brooklyn’s sugar production industry, the Domino Sugar Refinery structure has prominently stood on the borough’s waterfront since the … Now companies that manufactured such items as household appliances, automobiles, and electronic devices were overwhelmed by the public's demand for these products. In fact, by the mid-1890s the American Sugar Refining Company was providing almost 100 percent of the refined sugar purchased by consumers across the United States. At its peak of productivity, it refined 4 million pounds of sugar daily. Later, the distinctive yellow bags of Domino® Sugar became the highly recognizable packaging of granulated sugar. Henry came up with the idea of labeling the company's sugar products with a brand name, and thus Domino sugar was born when the name was applied to sugar cubes that resembled dominoes. Children have a special playground that pays homage to the original purpose of the area. The company made a major commitment during the early 1970s to produce a new kind of corn syrup called high-fructose corn syrup. The chefs at Domino® Sugar have put together our best recipes, tips and info to help you have the best holiday season ever. America's entry into World War II in December 1941 changed the good fortune of the company. The company's fortunes grew even worse in 1942, when the United States government imposed sugar rationing. During the 1980s, however, the use of refined sugar came under increasing hostile attack from food advocates and consumer groups. Built in 1856 by the Havemeyer family, it was the first of dozens of sugar refineries that contributed to the area’s emergence in the nineteenth century as the industrial center of the Port of New York. Eggnog view. The Yonkers Refinery, in production along the banks of the Hudson River since 1921, produces over three million pounds of sugar a day -- now that's sweet! In addition to granulated sugar, the Domino brand offers a variety of other sweeteners, including baking staples such as confectioner's sugar and brown sugar products. [3] By 1864, the refinery was the most modern of its time. Sold in large loaf or piece form, the product was laden with many impurities. In 2001, Domino Sugar officially changed its name to Domino Foods, Inc.[5] The same year, Domino Foods was sold by Tate & Lyle to American Sugar Refining (owned by the Florida Crystals Corporation) and the Sugar Cane Growers Cooperative of Florida in a $180 million deal[10] that was closed on November 6, 2001. The official Facebook Page of the Domino Sugar Baltimore Refinery. In 1799, William Havemeyer, who had been an apprentice of a London sugar refiner, was hired by Edmund Seaman to manage his sugar refinery in New York City. [6] Amstar was acquired by Kohlberg Kravis Roberts in 1983; KKR sold Amstar to Merrill Lynch three years later. Domino Foods, Inc. (also known as DFI and formerly known as W. & F.C. This site was the “jewel in the crown” of the Domino Sugar empire that at one point produced up to 98% of the sugar consumed in the United States. Today, Domino Foods, Inc. is … Since the company had been unable to meet the ever-increasing demand from food and drink manufacturers for this sweetener, the cost of the expansion was well worth it. Havemeyer Company, Havemeyer, Townsend & Co. Refinery, and Domino Sugar) is a privately held sugar marketing and sales company based in Yonkers, New York, USA, that sells products produced by its manufacturing members. Its namesake product, the Domino Sugar brand name, whose products are generally sold in two-tone packaging (white on top, yellow on bottom) with blue labeling text, is the best known. No longer boiling raw sugar in an open, cast-iron kettle, they instead used a vacuum pan; and rather than filtering the product with blankets or bull's blood, a new substance known as boneblack was used to clean the sugar. Known as the American Sugar Refining Co., it eventually came to control 98 percent of the U.S. sugar industry, and was one of the first 12 companies listed on the Dow Jones Industrial Average. Dating back to 1856, the Domino Sugar Refinery was once the largest and most productive sugar refinery in the world. With these technological advances in sugar refining, the Havemeyer Corporation grew steadily and, in 1828, the sons of Frederick and William, named Frederick C., Jr., and William F. Havemeyer, followed their fathers' footsteps and assumed management and control of the family firm. Domino Sugar Corporation traces its roots back to William Havemeyer, an enterprising English immigrant who had worked as a supervisor in a cane sugar refinery and arrived in New York in 1799. The industrial waterfront of Brooklyn was developed in the 19th century with the construction of major shipping hubs such as Red Hook's Atlantic Basin, the Brooklyn Navy Yard, and Industry City. Domino’s first whimsical rental building is on the rise in Williamsburg. Domino Park is a space where all can visit to spend the day, and it strives to keep history alive. Allen’s company is now better known as Domino Sugar, the name it acquired in 1900. Most importantly, the ladling of sugar from bulk containers kept customers in the dark about the brand of the sugar. The American Sugar Refining Company (ASR) was the largest American business unit in the sugar refining industry in the early 1900s. In 1970, the board of directors at the company decided to change its name from the American Sugar Refining Company to Amstar Sugar Corporation in order to reflect the growing diversification of the firm into activities other than refining. By the end of the 1950s, the American Sugar Refining Company reported annual sales of over $180 million, and by 1964 annual sales had skyrocketed to $437 million. The old Domino Sugar refinery, with North Brooklyn Farms in the foreground. When his brother Frederick, a former sugar boiler, joined him three years later, the two young men saved their money from a baking business they operated together, and then established a sugar refinery on … Domino Park Features Now Over 30 Artifacts. When the war ended, the American public's demand for consumer items exploded. The Stirrin' Up Sweet Sensations float features a magical take on holiday baking. Moreover, as refined sugar comes under more scrutiny and attack from health food advocates, consumers have become more and more persuaded by negative press reports that a person's weight and general health are affected by eating refined sugar. Handed down from brother to brother and from father to son, the W. & F.C. In 1906, the Domino Sugar brand received its U.S. trademark. And the American Sugar Refining Company had the sugar cane fields, transportation system, and refineries to meet the ever-growing demand from manufacturers. 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